Mon. Jul 22nd, 2024

The entrance to the Archaeological Ruins of Liangzhu City is seen in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

The entrance to the Archaeological Ruins of Liangzhu City is seen in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

A model showing the layout of Liangzhu City, with the Mojiaoshan Palace in the center, is seen at the Archaeological Ruins of Liangzhu City in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

A model showing the layout of Liangzhu City, with the Mojiaoshan Palace in the center, is seen at the Archaeological Ruins of Liangzhu City in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

A model showing the layout of Liangzhu City, with the Mojiaoshan Palace in the center, is seen at the Archaeological Ruins of Liangzhu City in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

Tomb M12, located in the center of the 11 tombs of Fanshan Cemetery at the Archaeological Ruins of Liangzhu City in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, has the largest number of burial objects of all varieties. /CGTN

Tomb M12, located in the center of the 11 tombs of Fanshan Cemetery at the Archaeological Ruins of Liangzhu City in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, has the largest number of burial objects of all varieties. /CGTN

Tomb M12, located in the center of the 11 tombs of Fanshan Cemetery at the Archaeological Ruins of Liangzhu City in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, has the largest number of burial objects of all varieties. /CGTN

The

The “king of jade cong” is on display in the Zhejiang Provincial Museum in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

The “king of jade cong” is on display in the Zhejiang Provincial Museum in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

Charred rice spikelets dating back over 5,000 years are on display alongside modern-day rice at the Liangzhu Museum in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

Charred rice spikelets dating back over 5,000 years are on display alongside modern-day rice at the Liangzhu Museum in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

Charred rice spikelets dating back over 5,000 years are on display alongside modern-day rice at the Liangzhu Museum in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

Pottery used for cooking during the time of Liangzhu Ancient City is on display at Liangzhu Museum in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

Pottery used for cooking during the time of Liangzhu Ancient City is on display at Liangzhu Museum in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

Pottery used for cooking during the time of Liangzhu Ancient City is on display at Liangzhu Museum in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

A restored section of a stone plow used during the time of Liangzhu Ancient City is on display at Liangzhu Museum in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

A restored section of a stone plow used during the time of Liangzhu Ancient City is on display at Liangzhu Museum in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

A restored section of a stone plow used during the time of Liangzhu Ancient City is on display at Liangzhu Museum in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

A jade disk bi with the pattern of a bird is on display at Liangzhu Museum in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

A jade disk bi with the pattern of a bird is on display at Liangzhu Museum in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

A jade disk bi with the pattern of a bird is on display at Liangzhu Museum in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

A replica of an original waist loom used during the time of Liangzhu Ancient City is on display at the Liangzhu Museum in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

A replica of an original waist loom used during the time of Liangzhu Ancient City is on display at the Liangzhu Museum in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

A replica of an original waist loom used during the time of Liangzhu Ancient City is on display at the Liangzhu Museum in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

A grass-wrapped clay block used to build the water conservation system in Liangzhu City is on display at the Liangzhu Museum in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

A grass-wrapped clay block used to build the water conservation system in Liangzhu City is on display at the Liangzhu Museum in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

A grass-wrapped clay block used to build the water conservation system in Liangzhu City is on display at the Liangzhu Museum in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

An installation introducing the Yaoshan Altar near Liangzhu City is seen at the Liangzhu Museum in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

An installation introducing the Yaoshan Altar near Liangzhu City is seen at the Liangzhu Museum in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

An installation introducing the Yaoshan Altar near Liangzhu City is seen at the Liangzhu Museum in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. /CGTN

The Archaeological Ruins of Liangzhu City, a major archaeological discovery made in China during the 20th century, once again drew world attention as the first Liangzhu Forum opened on Sunday in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province.

The site, first discovered in Hangzhou in 1936, showcases the prehistoric rice-cultivating civilization of China that existed between 3300 BC and 2300 BC, which is considered a concrete testimony to 5,000 years of Chinese civilization.

The layout of the ruins reflects an understanding of urban planning, and the findings unearthed at the burial sites also suggest the presence of a strong social hierarchy.

Cultural relics unearthed there include lacquerware, pottery and jade ware. Among them, the most exemplary are a great number of yucong, or jade cong. A jade cong is a jade tube with a quadrilateral exterior and a circular interior, which features exquisite jade carvings. It was used as a ritual object during the time of Liangzhu Ancient City.

The Archaeological Ruins of Liangzhu City was inscribed onto the UNESCO World Heritage List as a cultural site in 2019.

Today, visitors who are interested in Liangzhu culture can learn about the history and admire a variety of unearthed artifacts at the Liangzhu Museum. The displays, including tools used for agriculture, charred rice spikelets dating back over 5,000 years, and finely worked large ritual jades, showcase both the supreme agricultural achievements of late Neolithic China and the unified belief system of a regional state.

The largest of the jade cong, dubbed the “king of jade cong,” is currently kept in the Zhejiang Provincial Museum.

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